Original article
Gln223Arg polymorphism in the Caucasian population and Pro1019Pro polymorphism in the Chinese population are risk factors for OSAS: An updated meta-analysis of 1159 subjects
B. Xua, J. Liua, T. Lia, S. Liub,,
a Department of Respiratory Medicine, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, China
b Department of Respiratory Medicine, Xin Hua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, China
Received 29 June 2016, Accepted 08 December 2016
Abstract
Background

We conducted a meta-analysis of published literature to identify the correlation between leptin receptor gene polymorphisms and the risk of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS).

Methods

Five different single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were studied. Only Gln223Arg and Pro1019Pro had multiple studies. Nine studies focused on the correlation between Gln223Arg and Pro1019Pro polymorphisms and OSAS risk. Fixed-effects model or random-effects model was used to calculate the pooled odds ratio (ORs) and its corresponding 95% confidence interval (95% CI). The Begg's, Egger's, Perter's and Harbord tests were used to measure publication bias. Sensitivity analysis was also performed to ensure the robustness of the findings.

Results

Six studies on Gln223Arg polymorphisms (661 cases and 498 controls) and three studies on Pro1019Pro polymorphisms (561 cases and 561 controls) were extracted. There was no correlation between the leptin receptor Gln223Arg polymorphism and the risk of OSAS (odd ratio=0.86, 95% CI=0.68–1.10, P=0.23). However, Caucasian OSAS patients had a higher Arg allele frequency; whereas Chinese population with G genotype were more susceptible to OSAS (odd ratio=1.28, 95% CI=1.04–1.57, P=0.02) in the studies on Pro1019Pro polymorphisms.

Conclusion

The Gln223Arg polymorphisms in the Caucasian population and the Pro1019Pro polymorphisms in the Chinese population are risk factors for OSAS.

Keywords
Leptin receptor gene polymorphism, rs1137101, Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, Risk, Meta-analysis
Abbreviations
ACC, AMPK, CI, CNKI, Grb2, HWE, IRS, JAK2, MAPK, OR, OSAS, PDE3B, PI3K, SHP2, SNPs, SOCS3, STAT3

Metrics

  • Impact Factor: 1.357(2015)
  • 5-years Impact Factor: 0,841
  • SCImago Journal Rank (SJR):0,29
  • Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP):0,685