Correlations between osteoprotegerin serum levels and body composition parameters in patients with sleep apnea syndrome and the possible influence on cardiovascular risk
M.. Kosackaa,, , P.. Piesiaka, I.. Porebskaa, R.. Jankowskaa
a Department of Pulmonology and Lung Cancer, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, Poland
Abstract
Introduction

Osteoprotegerin (OPG) is a member of the tumor necrosis factor family and a key regulator in bone turnover; it plays a role in the development of many cardiovascular diseases and may be treated as a marker of vascular damage. Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) is a reliable, non-invasive and effective technique for measuring body composition.

The aim of the study was to evaluate correlations between osteoprotegerin serum levels and body composition parameters in sleep apnea patients and their influence on cardiovascular risk.

Material and methods

A total of 125 patients with newly diagnosed OSA were enrolled in the study (including 34 females). The mean age was 54.48 ± 8.81 years, mean AHI 33.16 ± 20.44/h and mean BMI 33.76 ± 7.18. A control group comprised 59 healthy subjects with mean age of 51.27 ± 12.97 years and mean BMI 29.47 ± 5.42.

All subjects underwent a nocturnal respiratory polygraphy and body composition measurements were taken with bioelectrical impedance analysis. OPG serum levels were measured using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method.

Results

In OSA patients OPG correlated negatively with muscle mass percentage (MM%), phase angle, fat free mass percentage (FFM%) and body cell mass percentage (BCM%), while there was a positive correlation between osteoprotegerin and fat mass percentage (FM%). We demonstrated higher OPG serum levels in OSA patients with cardiovascular diseases than in those without comorbidities (4.01 vs 3.46 pmol/l, p < 0.05).

Conclusion

Our findings, combined with previous observations in other diseases, suggest that elevated OPG serum levels together with selected body composition parameters may be helpful in identifying OSA patients with increased cardiovascular risk.

Keywords
Osteoprotegerin, OSA, Body composition

Metrics

  • Impact Factor: 1.560(2016)
  • 5-years Impact Factor: 1,100
  • SCImago Journal Rank (SJR):0,29
  • Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP):0,685