Caffeine consumption and exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: Retrospective study
P.O.. Lopesa,, , T.M.. Alfaroa,b,c, , P.. Lopesb, , R.A.. Cunhab,d, , C.. Robalo Cordeiroa,b,
a Centre of Pneumology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Coimbra, Portugal
b Unit of Pneumology, Centro Hospitalar e Universit??rio de Coimbra, Portugal
c CNC – Center for Neurosciences and Cell Biology, University of Coimbra, Portugal
d FMUC – Faculty of Medicine, University of Coimbra, Portugal
Abstract
Background

The modulation of adenosine receptors has been proposed as new therapeutic target for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, but studies in humans were negative. Caffeine is widely consumed and acts by non-selective modulation of these receptors, allowing for a non-interventional evaluation of the purinergic effects on COPD. We evaluated the effects of chronic caffeine consumption on the risk for COPD exacerbations.

Methods

Retrospective study including patients with COPD. The total number of exacerbations during a three-year period and the mean daily caffeine consumption in the last twenty years were evaluated. A univariate and multiple regression analysis were performed for evaluation of the significant predictors of exacerbations.

Results

A total of 90 patients were included. Most were males (82.2%) and had a mean forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV1) of 57.0 ± 17.1% predicted. The mean daily caffeine consumption was 149.7 ± 140.9 mg. There was no correlation between the mean caffeine consumption and exacerbations (p > 0.05).

Discussion

Our results suggest that caffeine has no significant effect on the frequency of COPD exacerbations. These conclusions are limited by the sample size and the retrospective nature of the study.

Keywords
COPD, Caffeine, Disease exacerbation, Purines, Pharmacology, Coffee, Respiratory Tract Diseases

Metrics

  • Impact Factor: 1.560(2016)
  • 5-years Impact Factor: 1,100
  • SCImago Journal Rank (SJR):0,29
  • Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP):0,685